For hundreds of years Jews dreamed of returning to Zion. At the end of the 19th century, the dream became reality, and between 1880 and the end of the 20th century the Zionist movement built nearly 700 villages, towns and cities. But what ideas inspired the planners and architects of the new State? What is the political role, played by architecture in creating today's Israel? And does the shaping and division of space reflect or fuel the Israeli/Palestinian conflict?